First NameKazir
Last NameAfolabi
Supervisor NameProf. Olusegun Ekanade
UniversityObafemi Awolowo University
Publication Date13 March, 2017

Dominant Soil Conservation Techniques among Farmers in Atiba Local Government Area, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria

Abstract: Soil conservation is a complex bio-physical, social and economic challenge – the major interactions in play are diverse and interconnected. Soil conservation research, education, and policy have the potential to improve the potentials of soil resources by broadening the range of options available to land managers. This study assessed the dominant soil conservation techniques in Atiba Local Government Area, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria. Sampling involved a number of probability and non-probability methods such as simple random sampling and purposive sampling methods respectively. The study employed descriptive statistical tools for the analyses of the data collected and also for the presentation of results. Findings showed that the soil conservation techniques employed include cover crop, improved fallows, multiple cropping, intercropping, minimum tillage, no-till, ridge tillage, conventional tillage, waterways, mulching, contour bunds, and terraces and that 86% of sampled farmers use at least one type of soil conservation technique. The most widely employed soil conservation techniques are mulching, cover crop, multiple cropping, improved fallows and intercropping. The most common factors responsible for the choice of these soil conservation methods are type of crop grown and traditional practice. Other common factors include size of farmland, physiographic attributes of the farmland, etc. Also, it was found out that 45% of the farmers that employ one soil conservation method or the other perceive the method(s) employed as moderately effective and 31% perceive the method(s) as highly effective. This also means that 76% perceive the method(s) as at the least moderately effective. At the same time, 7% maintained that the conservation techniques are marginally effective, 3.1% maintained that the soil conservation techniques are not effective.

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